Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in Australia. Lung cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs which can grow uncontrollably.
There are two main types of primary lung cancer: non-small lung cancer and small cell lung cancer.
Symptoms of lung cancer include:
- shortness of breath and wheezing
- chest pain
- coughing or spitting up blood
- a new cough that does not go away
- recurring bronchitis or pneumonia
- loss of appetite
- unexplained weight loss
Smoking cigarettes is a significant risk factor and responsible for almost 90% of all lung cancer cases. However, not all lung cancer is caused by smoking. Whether anyone living with lung cancer has smoked or not, they deserve support rather than stigma.
While there is no confirmed method to prevent lung cancer, you can greatly reduce your risk by not smoking or quitting smoking tobacco, avoiding second-hand smoke and avoiding cancer-causing agents.
To help further reduce your risk, it is also recommended to engage in at least 60 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity and eat at least five portions of fresh fruit and vegetables each day.
Recourse regarding lung cancer: